Aramis: Why do projects fail

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Why projects fail

Aramis - failed in the 80s. People Rapid Transit. Moving people around a city effectively How to do connections around the suburbs with minimum changes / stops

VAL - automated subway system. Other team and system Station density - every 300 metres Modules contain 4 people. Run on rails. Can group together in platoons "horizontal elevator" 1973 all technically possible.

Ultrasound detection of other modules possible 1974 cars expanded to 6 seats Realised that there w as a need to effectively have 2 lengths of track to avoid blocking at stations 1976 expanded to 10 seats and VAL team used 1982 expanded to 20 seats Panning for deliver by 1989 1983 reported that technical issues resolved 86 first car on test loop 87 5th car and project abandoned

Why did it fail? Feels like a research project. Was it meant to be a delivery project? Are there other successes - there is an automated line now on the metro Did the design meet a clear goal? Did it work for the target suburban users? Was it ever meant to succeed Continually culling scope Don't try to advance state of the art in more than 2 areas - Seymour cray. Is the economic model functional? Is the design insufficiently flexible? The Lille system worked because it was a simpler problem - smaller train-like system. There were no obvious warning signs of failure during the project BRT as an alternative